Indonesia’s Commitment to Sustainable Development
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Sustainable development is a national goal in Indonesia, balancing economic growth, social inclusion, and environmental protection. Implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Indonesia is built upon the MDGs achievement. Indonesia has enacted a Presidential Decree as the legal basis for SDGs implementation. An inclusive National Coordination Team is also established, represented by all stakeholders under direct leadership of the President.
Our poverty alleviation strategy focuses on 3 areas: comprehensive social protection; provision and improved access to basic services; and sustainable livelihood. In the past 10 years, Indonesia has successfully reduced the percentage of population living below the national poverty line from 17.75% in 2006 to 10.70% in 2016.
Indonesia has also endeavored to provide comprehensive social protection. A major effort is the implementation of the National Social Security System in Health Sector. Our National Health Insurance scheme has covered 172 million beneficiaries or 66.4% of the population in 2016. This has made it one of the largest schemes in the world.
At the global level, Indonesia’s possitive contribution to the development of the 2030 Agenda is reflected in our role as one of the co-chairs of the High-level Panel of Eminent Person advising the UN Secretary General on the development of global framework beyond 2015. In Asia and the Pacific, Indonesia has also been actively involved in the development of a Regional Roadmap for SDGs implementation.
Effective SDGs implementation, both in Indonesia and at the global level, requires revitalized international partnership. As a middle income country, Indonesia has been and will continue contributing to the efforts of other developing countries through its South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) program. Our SSTC programs are focused on poverty alleviation, for instances training and knowledge sharing on food security and agriculture.
Indonesia has presented its voluntary national report on SDGs implementation at the 2017 High-level Political Forum on SDGs in New York last July.
Indonesia’s rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement and submission of its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) reflect its determination to be a true partner for climate actions. Indonesia has also ratified the Kyoto Protocol and its Doha Amendment.
Indonesia’s leadership in global climate negotations is not new. In 2007, Indonesia hosted the COP 13 UNFCCC in 2007. The meeting lays the foundation for a new negotiating process and sets out guidance and direction to enhance international climate change cooperation as reflected in Bali Road Map and Bali Action Plan, which led to the conclussion of the Paris Agreement in 2015.
In 2009, to maintain the momentum for climate action, Indonesia has shown resolve by announcing voluntary commitment to reducing its greenhouse gas emission up to 26% by 2020 and up to 41% with international support.
Our commitment for 2030 is reducing emission up to 29% with national efforts, and up to 41% with international support.
To meet this commitment, Indonesia aims to enhance the use of new and renewable energy from 17% to 23% of total energy consumption in 2025 and up to 29% in 2030. Additionally, to improve land use management, Indonesia has extended the moratorium on new forestry concessions from 2015 to 2017. We also are committed to restore 2 hectares (5 acres) of peat land by 2020.
As a developing country, Indonesia supports the efforts of other developing countries through South-South and Triangular Cooperation on various sectors, inter alia, agriculture, forestry, and coastal management. Indonesia has also been elected as one of the member of the Paris Committee on Capacity building to support and enhance capacity building for developing countries in undertaking their climate actions.